Ruins of Tughlaqabad in Delhi
The Tughlaq dynasty ruled over the Delhi Sultanate of India during the medieval age. The whole military campaign headed by the great Ghiyasuddin Tughluq, expanded across the country and reached at its peak between 1320-1325. As a result they were attacked by various other dynasties and kingdoms to take over the Delhi Sultanate including the Mongols. In order to gain resistance, he strengthened the army and also built a city six kilometers to the east of Delhi, with a fort that was considered more defensible against the Mongol attacks, and named it Tughlakabad.
Tughlaqabad consists of remarkable and massive stone fortifications that surrounds the irregular ground plan of the city. They city is mainly divided into 3 parts i.e the Residential zone, the Citadel protecting the town and a Palace. The city contains more than 7 rainwater tanks and an artificial water reservoir at its south.They also had 52 gates out of which only 13 remains today. They’ve a long underground passage that was generally used as hideouts and routes for escaping during attacks. The fort was built out of red-stone and marble enclosed with high walls forming a shape of pentagon.
Tughlaqabad could be reached by an hour with the help of a cab or any private vehicle. The entrance fee is highly cheap for Indian nationals and others have to pay an amount equivalent to US $2 or Rs.100/- per head. I personally recommend a person to explore the city by devoting one whole day in order to enjoy the great architectural enterprise on a guided tour.