The famous Humayun’s Tomb of Delhi is the first garden tomb in India. It was complex commissioned by Hamida Banu Begum Humayun’s wife and designed by Mirak Mirza a Persian architect in 1562 CE.The monument is a spectacular earlier representation of Mughal architecture in India. This UNESCO Heritage site is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. .One of the most historic and fascinating Mughal buildings, it was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1993.The mausoleum is considered to be the precursor of world famous Taj Mahal.
Humayun’s Tomb one of the most aw inspiring monuments in Delhi is often overshadowed by monument like India Gate and Red Fort. It has a strategic location of the center of the city. This red and white building is an example of Persian influence on Indian architecture.
Humayun died in 1556 and became the first to be buried here but today the tomb has over 100 graves, earning the name, ‘Dormitory of The Mughals’.
The structure has a massive double-storied gateway, that is magnificent and creates a majestic atmosphere. It has a square garden with high walls surrounding it.The causeways and water channels divide it into roughly four large squares. Steep steps lead up to the Sanctum of the tomb. The Central chamber currently vacant and plain looking was once elaborately decorated. William Finch an English Merchant who visited it in 1611 unforgettably describes the presence of expensive carpets, and other rich items including Humayun’s sword, turban and shoes.
The tomb is at the center of the enclosure and rises from a platform facing a series of cells with arched openings. The complex of Humayun’s Tomb contains many small monuments. Most significant among them being the black-and-yellow marble tomb of Humayun’s wife and the tomb of Humayun’s barber. Nai Ka Gumbad referred to as the barber’s tomb is an impressive square tomb with a double-dome.
The 13 acres land surrounding the tomb became difficult to maintain when the Mughals shifted the capital to Agra. Things worsened when the British captured Bahadur Shah II in 1857. They replaced the original garden with a British garden. Archaeological Survey of India has tried to restore it to the glorious past. The vast open spaces and cool shades surrounding the tomb are a treat for city dwellers.
It is a great place to visit for its architecture, scenic surrounding, relaxation and a lesson in Indian history. One should definitely visit it especially with a tourist guide.